one of fifty million people are displaced around the world because of conflict poverty persecution and climate change mrs. kasuba also appreciated by meeting three of the biggest gateways for migrants and refugees into Europe or through the western central and eastern Mediterranean to tackle the unprecedented numbers of people risking their lives to enter its borders Europe is spending hundreds of millions of euros to fortify its frontier who’s mrs. involved in something illegal they’ll react when they say vessel approaching at high speed it will deter them muda Padilla any offensive acoustic in good academic Moscow and I’m shared now will young in the Mossad my headed for Caracas more than a million Syrian refugees have fled across the border to Turkey and with the advance of the Islamic state numbers are likely to be much higher tens of thousands attempt short but deadly boat journeys from Turkey to Greece convinced they be treated better in Europe this is not an option amongst a hundred options this is the only option and because there are no safe and legal channels that the European Union has offered for these people to come they need to put themselves into the hands of criminals and smugglers to try to make this journey Turkey has become a hub for people trafficking particularly in Istanbul in the neighborhood of aksaray we visited one of the many Syrian refugee families living there while trying to scrape together enough money to make the trip from Turkey to Europe their home was an overpriced on basement three floors on the ground how long have you lived here in this basement son listen to me one here the Kiowa Luciano Columbus area cinelerra Palatinate I built her a year when Adele Mustafa Muhammad SAW Harada the Nizam what is the situation for for Syrians here solidly on our freezer ahuyama Latrobe Unni Abney Lannister a film Abraha BG miss Ebisu regain a car tell me i’m rishabh america we shall happening tell me shock hi I’m al takea the low valium is horrible mood assalam o did you say that the boat was called the death but uniquely receive your heart is over our name is Sam nation will end on me yet anna-lena module Allah for us oh no my mother as how is she at them she those attempting the risky boat journey to Europe the part mainly from turkeys west coast in the hope of reaching nearby Greek islands so we traveled to his mere to meet a young Syrian Kurt whose boat had capsized halfway to Greece and for all we know he was the only survivor by the way has trouble enough Slavonic TV I mean vada was the hub the album the potatoman jaha Corbin oh yes the hub Arab Angelica by the rock a variegated the choukaku cannibal Jared division s todavía took dear Stephanie that was nice – Ian basura de wasn’t being ambitious no Jota was hungry Hamid Oracle Safina cerrado eight pcs a venerable a posh posh dakatoka liebe Safina la Ola say I’m cotton of a Rihanna bond venom Erin Hannigan danke danke quasi oniy a shot a durable master Sato machine hi Augusto de halcones I’m older Hanna there behind haka snezana sarivola Moony any questions on October Zeenat in his mute the people traffickers operate in an area called bossman a there are a lot of cheap hotels around here where Syrians say before they attempt to cross they meet with the smugglers in the small cafes around here the guys who just passed me were probably carrying life jackets in these plastic bags we wanted to speak to a smuggler but they would have meet with journalists then a Syrian refugee offered to do the interview on our behalf Safina Jima subpoenaed Rajesh 3fg he read be cool mystery and given some how can she do she comes easy teamwork Rahman has over a thousand Iraqi army and a bloody human for travel on our spa service I see the way Donna and I’m shared now will ya need Mossad wine to come or any release I’ll reduce yield one of the main destinations for the migrant boats and even of Turkey Iran Izmir is the Greek island of Lesbos the migrants usually depart at night in small overcrowded votes I have a much easier journey because I have one of these a European Passport guarding the sea between Turkey and Greece alongside the Hellenic Coast Guard Europe’s external Border Agency Frontex has also been active in Greece for years to assist with the monitoring of so called irregular entries so the role of fantasy is mainly to support the national authorities responsible for protecting the borders when they face big migratory pressure the increasing irregular border crossing has been multiplied by five last year we were invited to join one of front X boat patrols off the coast of lesbos Frontex organises joint operations between EU Member States to bolster security at Europe’s borders the boat was sent from Malta but the multi Special Forces crew is everyone here part of context we have jobs with the Armed Forces of Malta just for this deployment they nominate us and there was very touched as part of the context and a desired patrol area and we’ve reduced our speed and we will start monitoring and patrolling the border the sea is completely pitch black how can you see if there’s a boat with migrant using our navigational radars we will be able to detect vessels and other targets in the water we have also a night vision and daytime camera we had stopped right at the European border between Turkey and Greece they didn’t have the mandate to enter Turkish waters so you can actually see here if there’s a boat departing from Turkey how do you know the fishermen boats you can see it from here the the direction and their speed plus plus is a massive Island you’re surrounded by a big sea is it possible to monitor everything that’s going on on the coast I seem to think so yes if you would notice anything if you would see my brains trying to cross over to to lesbos what’s the procedure we’ll arrive at a safe distance speak to the migrants make sure they have life jackets and then they will be taken to safety as required we’re here to assist the Hellenic Coast Guard patrol the borders inspect any any targets so right now the guys are monitoring the Turkish coast and the beach place and if there’s a boat they can see it’s like a dog so something showed up on the radar a big boat and now Ben and the guys are checking out what it is versus involved in something illegal and I’ll react when they say you know mr. fassl approaching at high speed will deter them it was a false alarm but the crew still reported it and took photos not many migrant boats seemed to be out that night sophisticated equipment is used to alert both Greek and Turkish border authorities when a migrant boat is detected departing from Turkey this collaboration with its neighbors to stop migrants before they reach Europe is one of the EU through teen border practices because it’s illegal to send people back once they cross the European border what is referred to as push backs still many NGOs and migrants have reported systematic illegal push backs happening along the Greek Turkish border carried out by masked men in unmarked uniforms allegations have been made against the Greek border authorities but as of yet nobody knows who these men are they were tied with their open back to Turkey it’s not only illegal and domestic international European Union law but it’s also morally wrong and also inhumane to find out more the next morning we met with a representative of the Hellenic Coast Guard different NGOs interviewed migrants who talk about something called push box happening in these waters do you know anything about this we don’t have this kind of phenomenons this is an accusation that we we hear but as as it is approved from the very very large number of the people who are apprehended those phenomenal does not do not exist okay why do you think that these stories are being told by many different migrants of different nationalities you should ask them I don’t know why those stories are shared are you allowed to tell about that actually this is Greek water and you don’t have permission to enter we call the Turkish authorities to deal with both who are in Turkish territorial waters while we were talking a Coast Guard boat had disembarked with rescued refugees they were put into a police van in front of the newly arrived tourists because the detention center on the island was overcrowded the van headed to it used to be a children’s holiday camp this is a place where migrants and refugees who just arrived to lesbos by both can come and rest up before to get processed it’s an open camp and it’s run by NGOs and local activists apparently the people we saw this morning on the port we’re 31 Syrians and they’ve all been taken here how was the journey from Turkey here about us but we have to do this because we want to run away from the war in our country also fleeing war was an Afghan family whose boat had capsized halfway to Greece and the mother was flung into the rough sea many died this way but by a miracle 18 hours later she was washed up alive on the shores of lesbos when you stepped into the boat that night but this fish not gonna Kalyani what is it called oh sorry to make you work on harmonica manager cannot do as an addition second and commercial saying that’s the Attorney General coach is in I should imagine the village of altogether is exceptional because while other greek camps operate like prisons here people can come and go as they wish but that freedom only lasts for a few days then the authorities come to pick them up and process them everything has to do with the tension and that’s why we we stay here and we keep this place open because we believe that people can stay in a place open the place without fences well they can move and go out because they are not detainee they shouldn’t be treated as detainees are they illegal let’s say as if they could legally many of the volunteers at the camp were critical of Europe’s migration policies and border practices I think the best ways to create a European policy of reception of the people and to have some standards everywhere Roma ties people from this and also to encourage the smuggling money in the smuggling networks that they get the profit of the situation this is the only result of this big hope area he seems we were introduced to an Afghan boy who had been pushed back by the mysterious men to reach the island do you know what language they were speaking so do you think that they had called the Turkish police to say we’re gonna drop some people off when you start to see so many disconnected people saying the same thing you have to start to wonder what’s going on the allegation is given credibility because of the fact that you have so many different and unconnected people who are telling the same story kingdoms Maura Padilla Maura co3 emerald anemia Vanya Mimi Ortega she died from hypothermia see Kevin personal 1267 name documents and I think