The Essential Role of Remittances in Mitigating Economic Collapse The work opportunities available to Yemenis in the countries of the Gulf have been affected by a number of factors, including: The political crises and tensions between Yemen and the countries of the Gulf Very high fees imposed on expatriate workers And ampaigns to increase the employment of local workers in the host countries. The total number of expatriates in the countries of the Gulf Between 2012 and 2016 was estimated to be 945,462 expatriates. Therefore, increasing restrictions on Yemeni expatriate workers will cause serious damage to the Yemeni economy As a result of the loss of their remittances, which benefit millions of Yemenis. While loans, external aid, direct foreign investment, and the export of oil and gas have almost completely stopped, Expatriate remittances have become among the most important sources of hard currency into Yemen during this ongoing war. Due to this vital importance of expatriate remittances, the following is recommended: The countries of the Gulf should give Yemenis special treatment in their job markets Because of the conditions in Yemen during the war. The government of Yemen must prepare a response for the social and economic repercussions And the urgent needs, that will be caused by the return of expatriate workers to Yemen from the countries of the Gulf. Internal policies must also be adopted to accommodate the returnees And benefit from them in the local labor markets In addition to providing effective channels to attract and utilize the savings of expatriates in the development process. Rethinking Yemen’s Economy Implementing Partners